A Ball Mill Critical Speed (actually ball, rod, AG or SAG) is the speed at which the centrifugal forces equal gravitational forces at the mill shell's inside surface and no balls will fall from its position onto the shell.

The "Critical Speed" for a grinding mill is defined as the rotational speed where centrifugal forces equal gravitational forces at the mill shell's inside surface. This is the rotational speed where balls will not fall away from the mill's shell.